The 1961 Wrongs to Children Act makes it unlawful for minors under the age of 14 to partake in certain money-earning activities. The purpose of this law is to keep parents, custodians, and potential employers from mistreating young children and to cut down on child labor that is not in the child’s best interest. Throughout the industrial revolution, child labor was common in the U.S. It was not until the early 1900s, and particularly in the year of 1938, that labor committees began striving for laws that would protect children from child labor. The Fair Labor Standards Act was passed in 1938, which helped to end child labor and provide free, compulsory education for all children, according to the University of Iowa. As such, it is a Class A misdemeanor to violate the Illinois Wrongs to Children Act. A second offense is a Class 4 felony, which is punishable by three to six years in prison. A Class A misdemeanor is punishable by up to one year in jail and a fine of $2,500.
Prohibited Actions Under The Act
As per Illinois statute 720 ILCS 150/0.01, it is unlawful to take, receive, hire, sell, apprentice, give away, employ, use, or exhibit a child under the age of 14 for the vocation, occupation, or service of the following activities: