It could be necessity, desperation, mistake, or even thrill seeking that leads to shoplifting. Whatever the motivation, you may be better prepared to deal with the dread and embarrassment you feel as the store’s security team takes you aside, than with the legal trouble that follows. Depending on the value of goods taken, retail theft, also known as shoplifting, can be a misdemeanor or felony under Illinois law. You could face both criminal and civil penalties. You do not even have to plead guilty or be convicted in order to be sued in civil court.